Types of Orienteering

Orienteering courses can be set in any environment, any location, where an appropriate map has been made. There can be different course levels to cover everybody no matter your age or your level of fitness.

Foot Orienteering – the most common where participants run or walk to each control point. Length of course varies from a few kilometers to ten or more kilometers and may be in city streets or over country side tracks or country side were you make your way through the natural bush.

Park and Street orienteering – a suburban version of the foot orienteering. Participants are given a map with a number of marked locations and a score card. Participants must visit a given number of sites and record the fact they’ve been there before returning to the start, with the first back the winner.

Mountain Bike Orienteering – participants travel to each control point on a bike. Events can be held on both street circuits and mountain bike tracks.

Canoe Orienteering – event is done on a river/creek, a lake or tidal water area within a canoe or kayak. Events may vary from a single person canoe or kayak to a two person canoe or kayak.

Night Orienteering – variation of foot orienteering conducted at night. Controls are marked with reflective tape and participants use head lamps or flashlights to navigate their way.

Trail Orienteering – designed for those with disabilities. Participants remain on the trail. It is an un-timed event where the challenge is mental and achievement is based upon the ability to correctly interpret the map and its relationship to the ground.

Ski Orienteering –  event is done on cross country skis. Not common in Australia.

Project Orienteering – excellent for use by schools, clubs and groups. At each control the participant attempts to complete some type of activity that may be used to teach a new concept or used to test a skill.

String Orienteering – used with pre-schoolers and primary grade children. Controls are placed along a string which leads the child to each of the controls. Level of difficulty may be varied depending the age and experience of the child.

Relay Orienteering – each team member does a short course and tags the next team member. This may be used in combination with project orienteering or string orienteering.

Star Orienteering – participants must return to start between each control. This may also be used in combination with project orienteering or string orienteering.